: Propagandes () by Jacques Ellul and a great selection of similar New, Used and Collectible Books available now at great. Introduction. Jacque* EJluTs view of propaganda and his approach to the study Therefore. Ellul distinguishes various fonrts of propaganda and calls his book. 13 quotes from Propaganda: The Formation of Men’s Attitudes: ‘To the extent that propaganda is based on current news, it cannot permit time for thought o.
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These are indicated by principal symbols of the culture the propagandist wishes to attack since these symbols express the prkpagandes of a particular culture. Propaganda stops man from feeling that things in society are oppressive and persuades him to submit with good grace.
Propaganda and the Formation of Men’s Attitudes. And as such people, moreover, will select the easiest, not the hardest, reading matter, they are precisely on the level at which the printed word can seize and convince them without opposition. These currents reinforce society and hold man’s major convictions and propaganda must voice this reality.
Incidentally, there are also the undecided, people whose opinions are vague, who form the majority of citizens within the collective. This creates isolation between groups by promoting allegiance to the group one is in and suppressing conversation between groups. When he is fully integrated in the social group and can no longer distinguish between himself and society than he has reached total alienation.
The Formation of Men’s Elluo. Lastly, this part discusses propaganda and truth or the ability of propaganda to relay something as true based propagandfs on the accuracy of facts but of reality. As best we know, Jacques Ellul and Thomas Merton never corresponded with each other, and Ellul never propagzndes Merton in his writings.
As these people do not possess enough knowledge to reflect and discern, they believe—or disbelieve—in toto what they read. The myth jaccques the deep inclinations of a society.
They attribute authority and eminent value to the printed word, or, conversely, reject it altogether.
Modern propaganda is a technique that requires an analysis of both environment and individual to be subjected to propaganda. In Ellul’s view, there is a “double foray on the part of propaganda that proves the excellence of one group and the evilness of another at the same time to create partitioning”. Propaganda is addressed to the individual on the foundation of feelings and passions which are irrational, however, the content of propaganda does address reason and experience when it presents information and furnishes facts making it rational as well.
Real information never concerns such a person. The individual would then realize that he “depends on situations of which he has no control” and have to face this reality. He even recopied two direct Ellul quotes from his retreat notes: However, as discussed in early chapters Ellul described the masses are incapable of making long-term foreign policy and the government needs to make these decisions in a timely manner.
In sociological propaganda even media that are not controllable such as individual art work, films, and writing reflect the ideology allowing for an accelerated penetration of the masses and the individuals within them. These fundamental currents in society create the perfect atmosphere for sociological propaganda which influences the individual through his customs and unconscious habits. The creation of normalcy in our society can take one of two shapes.
They learn more and more that their group is right, that its actions are justified; thus their beliefs are strengthened. A propaganda that questions progress or work would arouse distain and reach nobody; it would immediately be branded as an ideology of the intellectuals, since most people feel that the serious things are material things because they are related to labor, and so on. To reach the enemy, one must use his weapons; this undeniable argument is the key to the systematic development of propaganda.
The fundamental ideologies are nationalismsocialismcommunismand democracy.
Ellul and Merton
It is a necessary instrument of a state or institution to spread information to members of the group or society.
All this jacqyes debatable, for the important thing is not to be able to read, but to understand what one reads, to reflect on and judge what one reads.
Propaganda must be total in that utilizes all forms of media to draw the individual into the net of ellu. Such a man never stops to investigate any one point, any more than he will tie together a series of news events.
But for propaganda to succeed it must respond to a need on the individual’s part as well.
Ellul and Merton | | The International Jacques Ellul Society
Once a mass society is created, public opinion will begin propagadnes play a role to help individuals form their own personal opinion. The propagandist must know the current tendencies and the stereotypes among the public he is trying to reach. Not all retreat participants immediately embraced this critique of technology. Political propaganda reversed is sociological propaganda because the ideology is penetrated by means of its sociological context.
Often he has broken with his milieu or his family; he may be compromised.
It seeks rebellion by provoking a crisis or unleashing explosive movements during one. The surviving record of retreat discussion reveals that the spirit of Jaques Ellul, as channeled through Thomas Merton and Ping Ferry, remained vibrantly present throughout. He is unstable because he runs after what happened propagandds he relates to the event, and therefore cannot resist any impulse coming from that event. In this book Ellul but argued that modern propaganda was intended to spark action towards a desired response by developing learned attitudes, and that it drew from scientific analyses of psychology and sociology.
Individuals without natural organic local groups are defenseless and more likely to be caught up in a social current. On the other hand, Merton—Trappist monk, religious writer, and social critic—did read and comment on Ellul. The State has the need to make propaganda to integrate citizens into its society, to disseminate information, and to increase participation and involvement of members of society.
Indeed, such a man is highly sensitive to the propqgandes of present-day currents; lacking landmarks, he follows all currents. Thus he is caught up in a movement that develops until it totally occupies the breadth of his conscience. Bartlett held an accurate interpretation of the goal of propaganda as not merely as an instrument to increase political understanding of events, but to obtain results through action.
It is important for propaganda to be rational because modern man needs relation to facts. He is obliged to continue to advance in the direction indicated by propaganda, for action demands more action.
Though largely unchurched at the time, Ferry retained spiritual sensitivities and harbored anti-war sentiments. The propagandist cannot be constrained by the ideology of his State but must operate in service of the state and be able to manipulate the ideology as if it were an object. However, in horizontal propaganda there is no top down structure but rather it springs up from within the group.
Propaganda is first and foremost concerned with influencing an individual psychologically by creating convictions and compliance through imperceptible techniques that are effective only by continuous repetition. Want to Read saving….